She looks very confused. And in general, the longer a scotch has been aged, the better (and more expensive) the whisky will be (in fact, the same goes for most whiskeys). These are the bad boys that you’ll find behind every bar, restaurant, and/or licensed cafe you ever work at. The 8 Types of Liqueurs You Need to Know by Heart. Conclusion. Like whiskey, brandy’s category includes another related spirit — Cognac. You may also see the term “cordial” in cocktail recipes. Distillation turns fermented beverages into much stronger versions of themselves by separating the alcohol from the water. Otherwise, they’re just flavored liquors. And finally, spiced rums are rums that have been flavored with various spices like cinnamon, pepper, anise, etc. Bourbon is the second powerhouse in the whiskey world and it’s made in America. There’s no doubt that the mixing process for vermouth is complex. Anything from herbs to fruits can flavor liqueurs, which also have a lower alcohol content than liquor. So first things first, liquor is a distilled alcoholic beverage and it is made by distilling anything that’s been fermented. Feel free to explore flavor-infused options as you begin trying out different spirits! Required fields are marked *. While any variety of tequila can stand on its own in a shot, blanco or reposado variations usually appear in cocktails such as the following. And these brandies are almost always accompanied with an age statement with some of the best being aged for several decades! What makes rye different to other whiskeys (in particular bourbon) is obviously the rye. The sweeter spirit comes in many varieties, including: Different aging processes create different types of rum. Sailor Jerry’s and Captain Morgans are the most commonly used spiced rums on the market. Spirits, wine and beer are the three major types of alcoholic beverages, each of which come in many varieties. Funnily enough, it’s city of origin is rightly named Tequila. When you’re ready to restock or try something new, visit us at Marketview Liquor. Makers Mark, Jim Beam, Woodford’s Reserve, Wild Turkey, and Buffalo Trace are all commonly used bourbons found behind the bar. 4. Location of the spirit’s creation is part of what determines the different names. Technically any distilled fermented fruits are brandies, but the majority of the time, brandy is made by distilling fermented grapes (essentially, it’s like distilling wine). Corn gives whiskey a much sweeter flavor and smoother texture than barley does. Guest ordered Chivas, I said I didn’t think we served it, but would check. Liquor 101 - The 6 Types of Distilled Spirits Brandy, Gin, Rum, Tequila, Vodka, and Whiskey Vodka, gin, baijiu, shōchū, soju, tequila, rum, whisky, brandy and singani are examples of distilled drinks. Recipes created centuries ago are still in use in modern times. For gin to be gin, it needs to be a spirit that’s distilled from grains or malt, and it. I had no idea what gin, vodka, or rum were. That being said, it’s hard to pick up these subtleties even when you’re drinking vodka straight. But unlike spirits & liquor, liqueurs are different. Armagnac (also made from grapes) is another high-quality French brandy, but you won’t have to mortgage your house to drink it. Irish whiskeys are very easy to drink and there’s not much you can really complain about. The ingredients and techniques above don’t appear in every cocktail, but they are helpful to add to your base of knowledge as you learn about the types of liquor. Hard liquor is used in North America, and India, to distinguish distilled drinks from undistilled ones, and to suggest that undistilled are implicitly weaker. So don’t make the same mistake I did when I was a young grasshopper! Essentially, it’s young coal and it’s what gives some scotches their unique smokey characteristic. First bar job at 18 years old. The liquor ages in wood barrels, typically oak, and develops an almost burnt taste in addition to the wine-like profile. The history of glass decanters dates back to 5000 B.C when they were first used in Syria. But molasses or caramel can be added. Scotch, bourbon and whisky all fall under the umbrella of whiskey. When using whiskey in cocktails, select a variety that suits your tastes and the flavor profile of the overall drink. Scotch vs Bourbon? But what makes gin different is that it’s flavored with various botanicals to give gin its distinct taste. Secondly, whisk(e)y is made all around the world. In the most straightforward terms, liqueur is liquor with added sweeteners and flavors. But instead of correcting my mistake and swapping his drink for the one he wanted, I proceeded to tell him that since they were both called whisk(e)y, they were the same thing! Rye gives whiskey a spicy (sometimes called peppery) flavor that them a very distinct taste. Scotch is the first powerhouse among the different styles of whisky. Beer, wine, cider, sake and huangjiu are examples of fermented drinks. Whiskey is a broad category of liquor and can have lots of differences in color, taste and smell. Nowadays, cordials are the same as liqueurs, liquors that have been sweetened (and often flavored) in some way. With a huge number of spirit and liqueur brands on the market, it's hard to figure out what to drink. This last characteristic is what separates wines and beers from the so-called hard liquors … Fermentation turns sugars into alcohol, then distillation removes excess water to create a higher alcohol concentration. Always exercise due diligence before purchasing any product or service. Vodka is generally made from potatoes or grains (mostly grains). Japanese whisky has also become extremely popular in recent years, but it’s not there yet. For bourbon to be called bourbon, it must be made from a minimum of 51% corn in the mash. Types of Hard Liquor. Countries that contain the letter e in their name, spell. I mean… Pirates and sailors used to drink it back in the day when they were battling it out at the ‘high seas’! Use those different types of rum to create cocktails such as the ones below. The wooden barrels impart flavors, aromas, and color onto the whisk(e)y that you just don’t want with vodka. Johnny Walker, Glenfiddich, Glenmorangie, Laphroaig (peaty), and Chivas Regal are all popular brands of scotch you’re likely to see behind the bar. But whatever you do, try your best to avoid these very bad, bad boys. Despite its herbal flavor, most people do not consume gin straight, as you may with other spirits. Most liqueurs range between 15% and 55% alcohol by volume. Each version of this neglected liquor has their own unique flavor, aroma, and body that effects what it should be mixed with and how customers should drink it. Even the spelling gets a lot of people caught up! Browse our extensive selection of liquors, and when you’ve decided what you need, order online for quick in-store pickup. Before diving in, you may find these terms helpful. But my favorite one involves ghosts and I think it’s the most accurate. Another liquor made from something other than grains, tequila comes from the heart of an agave plant once distilleries bake and juice it. As you might have already guessed, it comes from Scotland and it’s made from malted, Irish whiskey comes from Ireland and it can be made from malted and unmalted, Bourbon is the second powerhouse in the whiskey world and it’s made in America. In the case of vermouth, brandy is the liquor that’s used to strengthen the wine up to around the 20-25% ABV mark. So it’s important that you learn the differences between the ‘peaty’ and ‘non-peaty’ scotch’s you use behind the bar. Those states are Jalisco, Michoacan, Guanajuato, Nayarit, and Tamaulipas. Made from molasses and other sugarcane byproducts, rum has been proven to enhance mental health in many ways. Joven (means young in Spanish), or gold tequila, is similar to blanco tequila in that it isn’t really aged. Despite the wide variety of whiskeys, the alcohol contents remain consistently around 40 to 50%. Amazing! In America, and in some of the older cocktail books, you might come across the word cordial. © 2020, Marketview Liquor. The fact that liquor got everyone blind drunk probably had something to do with it as well! I know… Annoying right? For a drink to be a liquor, it must be alcoholic and distilled. Some people love it, others hate it. Bourbon must also be spend some time in new charred-oak barrels and it must be distilled to an ABV of no more than 80%. First things first, whisk(e)y is a spirit that’s distilled from fermented grains. We mentioned recipes above that include a splash of various liqueurs, but what is the ingredient? The restrictions that dictate what can be bourbon include the following. But gin is a liquor, not a liqueur because it hasn’t been sweetened in any way. Peat is decomposed vegetable matter that has been compressed in the earth over thousands of years. The majority of the time, Scotch makers age their whisk(e)y in used wooden barrels that have previously held bourbon or sherry. Light rum does not age, while dark rum ages in oak barrels. Gin has a dry — meaning not sweet — taste that pairs with cocktails that also are not sweet. Young girl comes up and strangely orders 3 Grolsh Lager. A practice that hasn’t been used in Ireland for a very long time! Types of Liquor License. Rum isn't a popular liquor among student, but it should be (for its fabulous health benefits, duh). So learn about these first before you start exploring the rest. Brandy is generally aged in wooden barrels to give the spirit flavor, texture, and aroma. Some of the most common types of liquor include rum, vodka, gin, spirits etc. But because they’re ‘cleaner’ whiskeys, they don’t pack as much flavor. Many people use Champagne as a general term for sparkling wine, but in the European Union and select countries around the world, it is actually forbidden to mark any types of Champagne as ‘Champagne’ unless it comes from the French wine-growing region of the same name, and is produced according to the rules of … The licensing review process is dependent on the type of application or permit applied for, the current volume of applications, and the completeness and accuracy of the application submitted. Brands such as Tanqueray, Beefeater, and Bombay are all examples of London Dry Gins. Distillation takes the process one step further. So in that sense, there’s a bit of America in every bottle Well, a lot of bottles anyway! But eventually, things started to make sense. Caramel may also be added, but some of its color will come from the barrel it’s aged in. Learning the different types of liquor creates a foundation for moving onto cocktails and mixed drinks, and it allows you to understand the best way to drink each spirit, either by itself or in a beverage. I pour them and bring them over. Call these forms of distilled alcohol either liquor, hard liquor, spirits or hard alcohol. Unlike in Scotland & Ireland, where whiskey is made primarily from the same grain, American whiskeys are often made from a mix of different grains (known as a mash). Ciroc Mango. Indulging in the trading of liquor without obtaining liquor license is counted as a legal offence. Thanks so much for the great, intoxicating knowledge , My first server job at 18. This is the vermouth that’s responsible for the infamous dry martini cocktail! List of businesses who can apply for liquor license are as follows: Types of Liquor License. A time came when consumers realized that clay pots weren’t the best choice for wine because they tend to absorb the flavor, turning the wine into vinegar. Appleton Estate 12 years and Diplomatico are both great examples of solid full-bodied dark rums. So don’t leave me hanging here guys. The French are the best known for their brandy and they have strict laws that govern how their brandies are labeled. There are several brands of vodka that are also flavored but not sweetened. Like other spirits, tequila comes in many varieties depending on the aging process it undergoes. I’m Tom Blake, pro bartender, bar manager, avid traveller, author of ‘The Bartender’s Field Manual’ (our official bartender’s guide) and founder of the Crafty Bartending website. Sweet vermouths are red in color and they’re used in a variety of classic cocktails like the Negroni and the Manhattan. Now that you know some of the basics, let’s explore the world of spirits! Please contact us for expedited shipping options for holiday delivery. Reposado is aged between 60 days to 1 year and is yellow in color. Therefore, let’s see for ourselves pictures of different types of liquor glasses. Before it get’s bottled at around 40%. Fortunately, I had the guidance of a senior bartender to point out my mistake. Caramel may be added, but they’re still considered better quality tequilas than joven. When I started out as a server, a lady ordered a “well vodka”. In chemistry, an alcohol exists when a hydroxy group, a pair of oxygen and hydrogen atoms, replaces the hydrogen atom in a hydrocarbon. Rittenhouse and Sazerac rye whiskeys are some of the best American Rye Whiskey brands you’ll work with behind the bar. In this article, we looked at origins, ingredients, and history of Vodka, Gin, Rum, Tequila, Brandy, Mezcal, and Whiskey. Smirnoff (Russian), Absolut (Swedish), Grey Goose (French), Belvedere (Poland), and Skyy (USA) are all popular brands of vodka used around the world. Havana Club Anejo is an example of a medium-bodied dark rum. In general, liquor starts as fermented ingredients that go through distillation. The most widely used style of gin is London Dry Gin and it’s considered to be the best quality. Between alcohol and water, alcohol evaporates first. So it’s quite common for an American whiskey to be made up of corn, wheat, rye, AND barley. Thanks to vodka’s neutral flavor, its uses range from simple to complex, pairing with one ingredient to multiple other liquors. The Anejo is taken as a shot as the aging takes the bite off. It must be made from a mash with no less than 51% of the blue agave plant. A lot of it can be confusing…. Sometimes that’s due to aging. Because of the distillation — and minimal to no added sugar — hard alcohol unsurprisingly has a high alcohol content. While there are flavored types of hard alcohol out there, we will focus on the standard kinds of liquor. **Note** There are other rye whiskeys out there. He was right… It was scotch. 100% blue agave tequila is the best quality tequila on the market and it must be made 100% from the blue agave plant. The yearly license renewal fee is R 4 800.00 for a Liquor Store and R 2 400.00 for a Grocer’s wine license. See our. That’s how beer, wine, and ciders are made. Obviously, that’s only if you’re judging the spirit by its age statement. But over time, those differences disappeared and now these terms are used interchangeably. That being said, white rums don’t have to be the least flavorful. Other botanicals are often added to the mix (lemon peel, grapefruit, fennel, anise, etc), but you can’t have gin without the Juniper Berry. It’s ability to showcase other ingredients flavors & aromas is unrivaled because it doesn’t have any (or very little) of its own! The other style of vermouth is called dry (or French) vermouth. Espolon, Patron, and Don Julio are all well-known brands of 100% blue agave tequila you’re likely to see behind the bar. Rum is a spirit distilled from sugarcane or molasses (thick dark brown juice obtained from raw sugar, most rums are made from molasses). And every single one of these countries have different laws & requirements for a spirit to be called/labeled whisk(e)y. You will need an off-license if the liquor you sell is intended to be consumed off the premises – for example, a liquor … And he was kind enough to teach me some of the basics on the different types of liquor. Now that you know more about the different kinds of liquor, you’ll want to understand the difference between liquor and liqueur. As one of the most popular types of hard liquor today, vodka can be a key ingredient in almost any drink. It probably has something to do with the amount of distilleries that have started experimenting with different botanicals. That’s what makes them excellent base spirits in cocktails (think the mojito). Now you’re ready to shake together everything you learned above and start using various liquors and liqueurs!