Aurangzeb’s religious policy was largely responsible for the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb’s religious policy went through a number of phases: The phase of the re-imposition of jizya was a period of growing political and economic difficulties for Aurangzeb, with internal unrest of Jats, Satnamis and Sikhs; political oppression of Afghans and Marathas; climaxed by rebellion on the part of the old, established allies, the Rathors of Marwar; and foreign threat i.e. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. He reimposed the jiziya, the hated poll-tax on non- Muslims, which the wise and compassionate Akbar had abolished early in his region. Aurangzeb reacted to these threats by emphasizing Islam as the only bond of unity in the highly segmented ruling class. According to Sarkar, these and other orthodox measures of Aurangzeb were an insidious attempt to establish an Islamic state in India. In this, he gave the orders that Quranic verses will not be written on coins. The period after 1689 also saw the growing disillusionment on the part of a section of the nobles against the political policies of the emperor. 1559 AD In Aurangzeb, many Ordinances have been circulated for the reorganization of the rules of Islamic conduct according to the laws of the Quran. Thus, Aurangzeb impressed upon the foremost nobles of Bijapur, that his actions were directed against Sambhaji. The extension of the empire was also one of the purposes of Aurangzeb. It resulted not only in the failure of Aurangzeb but also participated in the downfall of the empire itself. Religious policy of Aurangzeb was based on the Islamic theory of kinship. He was not anti-Hinduism, Sikhism, or Shi’ism. In some regions, such as the north-east and the Deccan, the imperial frontier Muhtasibs were responsible for ensuring that the things, which were forbidden (such as intoxicants and gambling dens, etc) by the shara and the zawabits (secular decrees) were, as far as possible, not disobeyed openly. Shah Jahan had already moved away from the liberalism of Akbar , although in a token manner rather than with the intent of suppressing Hinduism, [70] [b] and Aurangzeb took the change still further. He perhaps hoped that by this means he would be able to defeat the Marathas and their growing power in alliance with the Muslim rulers of the Deccan. Aurangzeb’s religious policy had two aspects i.e: To promote the tenets of Islam and to ensure that the people led their lives accordingly. Religious Policy At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. Instead, Aurangzeb was a religiously-minded leader who strove hard to ensure an Islamic character permeated through all his actions as leader. Causes of The First War of Indian Independence – 1857 Revolt, Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782), Major significance of the Permanent Settlement of 1793, Most important aspects of Non-cooperation movement, State of non- agricultural production and internal commerce during Mughal period, मध्यकालीन इतिहास के लिए :–मध्यकालीन भारत: रणनीति, समाज और संस्कृति, प्राचीन एवं पूर्व मध्यकालीन भारतीय इतिहास, Lucent’S Samanya Vigyan (General Science In Hindi), भारत की राजव्यवस्था – By M. Laxmi Kanth. After about 1680, Aurangzeb’s reign underwent a change of both attitude and policy. Singing also continued to be patronized by the ladies in the harem, and also by individual nobles. Aurangzeb encountered political opposition from a number of quarters, such as the Marathas, Jats, etc., as they had adopted a new stance. Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad also known as Aurangzeb or by his title Alamgir was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire. However Aurangzeb took the decision of re-imposition of jizya after 22 years of his accession possibly because he wanted to maintain the alliance with the Rajputs and also hoped to reach an accord with the Marathas. Aurangzeb has been criticized by historians on the eve of his religious policy and administration. This failure caused Aurangzeb to call for a modification of his earlier religious policy. Religious Proclamation. He was not anti-Hinduism, Sikhism, or Shi’ism. Religious policy of Aurangzeb was based on the Islamic theory of kinship. The religious policy of Akbar was very liberal. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Aurangzeb struck hard against enemies who threatened the integrity or peace of the Mughal state, no matter their status or religion. The phase of growing rigidity, which began in 1666, and included the re-imposition of jizya in 1679, has been highlighted by Sarkar. The official view as to why Aurangzeb re-imposed the jizya was that he was keen to promote the faith and laws of Islam. Muhtasibs were responsible for ensuring that the things, which were forbidden (such as intoxicants … AURANGZEB. Aurangzeb's religious policies are one of the most debated topic than those of other Mughal rulers. His policy of religious persecution of the Hindus, who formed the bulk of the population of the country, hastened the fall of his dynasty. For instance, Qazi Shaikh-ul-Islam, the Marathas supremacy of 50 years frontier Aurangzeb ’ s religious policy music naubat... Insidious attempt to establish an Islamic state an Islamic state mother, held liberal, even lax on! 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